A Genealogy of the Name


This site provides a background to the genealogy of the name as presented in "The Next Generation" software provided by Darrin Lythgoes.

Visit the

 MARGHEIM Genealogy

at this link

Important Dates

April 21, 1729Sophia Augusta Frederica of Anhalt-Zerbst born. She later ruled Russia under the name Catherine name Catherine II
1756-1763Seven Years’ War. This was an important factor in bringing the Germans to the Lower Volga to establish colonies. The areas of now central Germany were devastated, creating more instability for the peasants
June 28, 1762Catherine II ascends the throne of Russia
December 4, 1762First Manifesto issued by Catherine II. invited foreign settlers to come Russia. This manifesto brought few results.
July 22, 1763Catherine II issued her Second Manifesto inviting foreigners to settle in Russia. It spelled out the conditions under which they could immigrate and granted special rights and privileges. Large numbers of German peasants accepted the invitation.
1764-1767Founding of German colonies along the Lower Volga River.
1771-1774Kirghiz Raids and Pugachev’s rebellion, called the Pugachevshchina, ravished the Volga colonies.
1786Mennonites from West Prussia began immigrating to Russia due to the 1772 Partition of Poland, which threatened their military service exemption as conscientious objectors. Their settlements were established primarily in the Taurida region of South Russia.
1793Second Partition of Poland grants area of Volhynia to Russia. Polish landowners invite German peasants to lease land for cultivation.
November 6, 1796Death of Catherine II at age sixty-seven.
1796-1801Reign of Tsar Paul I, son of Catherine II.
1801-1825Reign of Tsar Alexander I, the well-beloved, grandson of Catherine II.
February 20, 1804AJexander I reissues manifesto of Catherine II, with some limitations, inviting foreigners to settle in New Russia.
1825-1855Reign of Tsar Nicholas I, Grandson of Catherine II, and brother of Alexander I.
1855-1881Reign of Tsar Alexander II, great-grandson of Catherine II, son of Nicholas I.
1860’sAnother wave of Germans immigrates to Volhynia prompted by the 1861 abolishment of serfdom which left a significant drain on the work force in this and other areas. The Second Polish Insurrection of 1863 brought more Polish Germans to Volhynia and other areas of Russia.
June 4, 1871Imperial Russian Government issues decree repealing the Manifestos of Catherine II and Alexander I, terminating, after a period of ten years’ grace, the special privileges of the German colonists.
January 13, 1874Imperial Russian Government issues second decree which amended the one of June 4, 1871. The second decree instituted compulsory military conscription for the German colonists. These two decrees impelled thousands of German Russians to immigrate to North and South America.
1871Germany unified as a nation for the first time. This created great unease among the European nations and Russia. This is also the time of increased animosity towards foreigners in Russia due to the slavophile movement and growing nationalism in Russia.
1881-1917Reign of Tsar Nicholas II, great-great-great-grandson of Catherine II. He abdicated during World War I. On July 16, 1918, he and his immediate family were executed by the Bolsheviks. Nicholas II was the last monarch to rule Russia.
July 28, 1914Outbreak ofWorld War I.
1915Volhynian Germans deported to Volga Region and South Russia as a result of advancement of eastern front during World War I.
December 13, 1916Volga Germans ordered to be banished. This order was never carried out because of internal troubles in Russia.
February, 1917Revolution comes to Russia.
November 7, 1917Bolshevik Revolution in Russia led by Nikolai Lenin and the beginning of the Communist regime, October 25, 1917 by old-sty1e Russian Calendar.
June 29, 1918Lenin established Autonomous Volga German Workers’ Commune, forerunner to the ASSR of the Volga Germans, founded in 1924.
1920-1923Period of famine in Russia claiming hundreds of thousands of lives. Death by starvation in the Volga-German colonies estimated at 166,000 lives, one third of the population. American Relief Administration provided assistance.
January, 1924Autonomous Socialistic Soviet Republic of the Volga Germans establised.
1928-1933Second period of famine again claims many lives throughout Russia.
1928-1940German farms and property expropriated by the Soviet governement and Germans are forced into collective farms or migrate to the cities. Period of Stalinization.
September 1, 1939Outbreak ofWorld War II.
August 20, 1941Beginning of the banishment and exile of the German populations in Russia. Crimean Germans deported.
August 28, 1941Decree ordering the deportation of the Volga Germans to the northeastern parot of the European Soviet Union, to the Middle Asia, and to Siberia.
October, 1941Germans in the North and South Caucasus deproed. St. Petersburg Germans also deported.
1991Fall of the Soviet Union.