In the same year, 1763, three men of German birth were sent. by Catherine the Great, to Frankfort, Germany, to induce emigration to Russia from the states of Hesse, Saxony, Alsace, Baden. WueneII Bavaria, Tyrol, Switzerland and the Palatinate. Along with these private recruitment agencies, there were those who operated directly under supervision of the Russian official, Johann Simolin, who hired two Germans as commissars, Friedrich Meixner from Augsburg and Johann Facius of Hanau. They became employees of the Russian civil service at a salary of 400 rubles. Meixner operated in VIm and Facius set up his organization in Frankfurt am Main. These commissars hired their own agents to help recruit and maintain official records of their operations. The system did capture the attention of a greater audience in the regions of Wurnemberg, Hesse, the Palatinate, the Saarland, along the Rhineland, and even into Switzerland and the French Alsace(Elsass).
In the recruiting process, false claims were made by these recruiters, such as, loans of up to 4000 rubles for ten years, four room houses with barns, ready for occupancy , fertile soil and climate comparable to the Rhine river valley . The Crown settled 33 colonies, on both sides of the Volga, consisting of 2,946 families (I persons) recruited through its embassies and consulates. Baron Caneau de Beauregard gained certain financial considerations and privileges to another 1,523 families (5,290 persons) in 27 colonies on the east side (Wiesenseite; Samara ) ~ Volga. Leroy & Pictet, like Beauregard, obtained a special settlement with the government to recruit colonists (1530 families) for 16 villages on the Tarlyk river and nine villages on the Great Karaman 25 villages total, all on the Weisenseite. Baron Jean DeBoffe, the least successful recruiter, settled 434 families (1586 people) on the side (Bergseite, or Saratov side) of the Volga in eleven villages, namely, Kauz, Merkel, Die/el, .E Kratzke, Rothammel, Degott, Seewald, Schuck, Vollmer and the French colony Franzosen. The French later gave up farming and moved to other pursuits in the cities. After that. Germans moved into this colony.
In cases of financial hardship the cost of transportation was paid by the Russian government In addition, all settlers received a loan of money towards the cost of building a house, and buying livestock or trade equipment, with repayment required in ten years. The Volga region was settled under Catherine the Great’s Manifesto, in or around 1766-67, mostly by Germans of the Rhineland or Hessen. (Attem] the Russian government to recruit emigrants were blocked by prohibitions against emigration by German electorates [Mainz, Trier, Cologne, Frankfurt] frightened by the scale of the exodus, 27,000 in the first year, following the Seven Years War in 1763). Other key points of this ‘Manifesto ‘ included a freedom from military service for eternal time, freedom of religious practice, internal self-government and free from taxation.
Germany, at this time, was made of over three hundred city States and principalities, with no central government, and was constantly locked in political confusion, especially in the southwest, Germans lacked any feelings of national patriotism or pride. The typical immigrant included soldier of fortune. adventurers, farmers, craftsmen, a certain number of undesirable characters and a few members of nobility